In the period 2014-2020, an indicative allocation of €552.1 million has been earmarked for Bosnia and Herzegovina (including the Civil Society Facility, the Regional Housing Programme and the Special Measure in support to Bosnia and Herzegovina in managing the migration flows).
The EU has financed number of transport infrastructure construction and reconstruction projects, including the urgent rehabilitation of the key bridge structures on BiH roads in the post-war period including Rača, Brčko, Jasenovac-Una, Jasenovac-Sava (co-financed by Croatia), Karuše and Kostajnica, but also a number of small bridges were repaired through SFOR Micro projects. The EU has also assisted in urgent rehabilitation of the main road sections, but more substantial undertakings have been performed only over the last few years, thanks to the EIB and EBRD loan support to the sector. Furthermore, construction of two international bridges over Sava River, Svilaj and Gradiska, as well as some other sections of motorways on the Core network are financially supported with the EU grant funds up to 20% of investment cost through the WBIF - Western Balkans Investment Framework. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the biggest consumer of WBIF grant funds, confirming a very high level of maturity of projects subject to EU financing.
Financing of Transport sector projects shall allow integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina road and rail networks, aviation as well as inland navigation, maritime and ports within the region and with the EU, in line with relevant EU acquis and the agreed Connectivity Reform Measures. Development of transport infrastructure of which this project is only a part, is expected to generate economic benefits through reduction of transport costs, expansion of internal and foreign trade, increase of revenue through providing transit services, attracting foreign investments, providing opportunities for creating business in other branches and sectors. The key impact of envisaged by the implementation of this and other similar projects is the achievement of economic growth through better connecting between the regions of the South-East Europe, and consequently improvement of the competitiveness of the economies, their efficiency, and better access to the markets.
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